A lot of Islamic critics tend to attack and criticize Islam because SHARIAH is strict. I agree, Islam is very strict when it comes to justice. But why complain and argue about something that will not affect you? Who are the people that should complain about Shariah? It is the people who are going to get affected by it, that’s who. Who are the people who are going to get affected by it? Its those criminals of course. Its those rapists, drug dealers, murderers, rapists, thieves, armed robbers, fornicators, adulterers etc. that are going to get affected by this law. Are you one of them? If you are, then you better change your ways because you have no right to be any of those things. If you are not, then why complain?
People might go and say, “Well we are born sinners, we have to sin” But that is no excuse. I can’t go to court and tell the judge that I was born a sinner. We all make small mistakes. We all make minor sins. But in Shariah there are no punishments for minor sins, but for major sins. There is no excuse for us to commit major sins such as murder,rape,adultery and armed robbery,etc.
The punishments under Islamic Sharia are not barbaric. They can be severe, but fair. Prophet Muhammad (pbuh) said that if his daughter steals, he would cut off her hand too. So, the punishments apply to any one who commits the crimes, even if he is the son of a Muslim ruler.
Cutting the hands of the thieves mandated in Qur’an 5:38 is intended as a deterrent measure. This means when people know that the punishment will be so severe, they will not steal. So, you will not end up with cutting off the hands of thousands of people, but rather only very few people will face that severe punishment and the potential robbers will be cautious. I agree that the amount of theft that takes place in the world today is so tremendous that if you chop off the hands of all the thieves, there will be tens of thousands of people whose hands will be chopped off. The point here is that the moment you implement this law the rate of theft/robbery will decline immediately. The potential robber would give it a serious thought before jeopardizing his limbs. The mere thought of the punishment itself will discourage majority of the robbers. There will barely be a few who would rob. Hence only a few person’s hands would be chopped off but millions would live peacefully without fear of being robbed.Now for rapist there is death sentence.Within 7 days the rapists are hanged to death.Similar punishment for adulterers and fornicators. So those who think of doing such heinous crimes will give a second thought before actually committing it.Because if they rape or caught fornicating they would be severely punished and sometimes even hanged. Islamic Shariah is therefore practical, and achieves results. That why Saudi Arabia which implements Sharia is very safe.
The punishment is a recompense for the crime. It is undesirable to treat a criminal lightly who threatens the security of society with danger. The criminal should receive his just recompense as long as he is pleased with taking the path of evil instead of the path of righteousness.It is the right of society to be secure in its safety and the safety of its individual members. Islam seeks to protect society from the dangers of crime. It is common knowledge that if crimes are not countered with serious punishments, then society will be in grave danger.Islam seeks to make social stability and security widespread, making life in society secure and peaceful. It has made this consideration a platform for action, legislating punishments that will discourage crime.If the murderer, or any other criminal for that matter, knows the extent of the negative consequences for himself that his crime will cause, he will think a thousand times before committing it. Awareness of the punishment will cause the criminal to abstain from committing the crime in two ways. The criminal who has already been subject to the punishment will most likely not return to the crime again. As for the rest of society, their awareness of the effects of this punishment will keep them from falling into the crime. To realize a general effect from the punishment, Islam has established the principle of publicly announcing when it will be carried out.
The punishments under Islamic Law are not intended to punish specific individuals, but rather they are intended to create a society to put an end to crimes or curb the crimes as much as possible.For some punishments to certain crimes to be applied fairly, the Islamic society must not have conducive conditions and environment for such crimes. That is why the Islamic governments are not supposed to impose punishments if they have conducive conditions for the crimes. For example, Islam mandates paying Zakat ( tax on wealth to be donated to needy people) which helps in eliminating the need for people to steal.
Security and stability are basic human needs, no less important than food and clothing. Without security and stability, a human being is not able to properly conduct his daily life, let alone come up with new ideas or contribute to the development of a high level of civilization. The ultimate objective of every Islamic legal injunction(SHARIAH) is to secure the welfare of humanity in this world and the next by establishing a righteous society. This is a society that worships God and flourishes on the Earth, one that wields the forces of nature to build a civilization wherein every human being can live in a climate of peace, justice and security. This is a civilization that allows a person to fulfill his every spiritual, intellectual, and material need and cultivate every aspect of his being.