What is Injeel?

When we go through Qur’an we come across a particluar word called Injeel(Gospel). As we read in Qur’an:

Say, [O believers], “We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.”[Quran 2:136]

He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. Before, as guidance for the people. And He revealed the Qur’an. Indeed, those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah will have a severe punishment, and Allah is exalted in Might, the Owner of Retribution.[Quran 3:3-4]

Say, “We have believed in Allah and in what was revealed to us and what was revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob, and the Descendants, and in what was given to Moses and Jesus and to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [submitting] to Him.”[Quran 3:84]

And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We gave him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.[Quran 5:46]

From the above verses we come to know that Prophet Jesus(peace be upon him) was given Injeel/Gospel which he preached during his lifetime.

Now, the term Injeel, in the Qur’an, the equivalent of the Gospel (in the singular form) should not be equated with the four Gospels. The Quran speaks of the word of God, not the word of Mark, Luke, Matthew, and John. That is not the word of God, that’s their own biographies.What the Quran speaks of is the revelation given to Prophet Jesus, peace be upon him, something that he was guided by divine revelation.The main problem with Christians is that they fail to identify and understand how the Qur’an uses the terms ‘Torah’ and ‘Gospel’ in the Qur’an. When the Qur’an talks about the Torah and Gospel, one of its intentions is to speak about the original revelations sent to Moses and Jesus peace be upon them both respectively. So,One needs to understand how the Qur’an uses the word “Gospel” and needs to bear in mind the fact that the early Muslims did not believe or understand the Qur’an to be saying that the gospels of Mark, Matthew, Luke and John are inspired. So the Qur’an is quite clear regarding the fact that the divine Gospel was one REVEALED TO Jesus (peace be upon him) and not books WRITTEN ABOUT Jesus (peace be upon him). Popularly understood four Gospels in the New Testament are not the same Injîl revealed by Allâh to ‘Isâ(jesus).So, Muslims believe that al-Injeel (the gospel) was revealed to Jesus Christ. By Injeel we mean the collection of revelations received by Jesus Christ from God. And Nowhere does the Qur’an refer to the Injeel revealed to Jesus (peace be upon him) as some sort of documented book. They were not and they are not available now in the form of a book. What we have is a collection of twenty seven books called the New Testament. The first four books of the New Testament are called the Gospels.

Thus, the definition of Gospel or Torah in the Islamic perspective is different from the Christian’s all together. Also, there is no Christian that believes the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke or John were revealed to Jesus, but only written after his death. Therefore, Muslims are clearly speaking about other revelations than what Christians have in mind.

 

Now,Christians often ask us: “If you don’t believe in the four Gospels of the New Testament, then where is the ‘true Gospel’ that the Qur’an speaks of?”It is certainly true that we do not affirm that the books of Matthew, Mark, Luke and John are the words of God — They are not even the words of Matthew, Mark, Luke, or John. History teaches us that these books were anonymous until the 180 CE at which time they were pseudonymously ascribed to two disciples of Christ, a student of Peter, and a missionary partner of Paul. These so-called “Gospels” were written many decades after the ascension of Christ (between 68 CE – 110 CE), in a language foreign to Jesus himself who spoke Syriac, by four men who never claim to be writing while inspired by the Holy Ghost. The oldest New Testament manuscripts on earth, the Codex Sinaiticus and Codex Vaticanus, were not codified until 350-375 CE. No Biblical scholar on this earth will claim that the Bible was written by Jesus himself. They all agree that the Bible was written after the departure of Jesus peace be upon.So in asking this question about where is the true Gospek, Christians have no one to blame but themselves for losing it. Don’t point fingers and blame Muslims for by the Grace, blessing and Promise of Allah – we PRESERVED the text which we received.

Muslims only believe in the Injeel-e-‘Isa, or the Gospel revealed to Jesus as being the true Word of God Almighty. The Gospel of Jesus was a spoken message that God sent to the Children of Israel as light and guidance. The synoptic authors tell us:

• “And Jesus went about all the cities and villages, teaching in their synagogues, and
preaching the gospel of the kingdom…” (Matthew 9:35).
• “Now after that John was put in prison, Jesus came into Galilee, preaching the gospel of
the kingdom of God” (Mark 1:14.).
• “And it came to pass, [that] on one of those days, as he taught the people in the temple,
and preached the gospel…” (Luke 20:1).

This is the Gospel that Muslims believe was truly sent down from above; the teachings of Jesus Christ.

Muslims believe that al-Injeel (the gospel) was revealed to Jesus Christ. By Injeel we mean the collection of revelations received by Jesus Christ from God. They are not available now in the form of a book. What we have is a collection of twenty seven books called the New Testament. The first four books of the New Testament are called the Gospels. These are supposed to have been written by the four disciples of Jesus, namely Matthew, Mark, Luke and John. There are many evidences that the real authors of these four Gospels were not really the disciples chosen by Jesus Christ. Of course the Gospels speak about the twelve disciples chosen by Jesus himself; but the names Mark and Luke do not appear among these twelve. There is an opinion that states that the content and the language of the Gospels clearly show that they are not the Word of God, and hence they were not revelations from God. See for example, how the Gospel of Luke begins:

Luke 1 (1- 4):
1. For as much as many have taken in hand to set forth in order a declaration of those things which are most surely believed among us,
2. Even as they delivered them unto us, which from the beginning were eyewitnesses, and ministers of the word;
3. It seemed good to me also, having had perfect understanding of all things from the very first, to write unto thee in order, most excellent Theophilus,
4. That thou mightest know the certainty of those things, wherein thou hast been instructed.

We can understand the following details from the above verses:

• Many people had written “those things” believed to have happened in the life of Jesus Christ.
• Luke claims to have good understanding of “those things” from the very first, not because he was an eye witness, but because he says he received those ideas from eye witnesses and ministers of the word.
• Like the others who took in hand “to set forth in order the declaration of those things”, he too felt like writing them down.
• The purpose is that his friend Theophilus too can “know the certainty of those things” wherein he was instructed.
• Evidently this is the beginning of a letter addressed to Theophilus.

This clearly shows that the Gospel of Luke was certainly not a revelation or the result of inspiration. The real revelations of God came to Jesus and no doubt he taught his disciples quoting from them. But we have no evidence to prove that Jesus dictated these word for word to be written down and kept intact.So the Qur’an is quite clear regarding the fact that the divine Gospel was one revealed to Jesus (peace be upon him) and not books written about Jesus (peace be upon him).Moreover Gospels were not written during the lifetime of Jesus.And, Jesus never ordered his disciples to write it down on .Thus, we believe that true parts of the word of God are in the Bible because they found their way there to be present in them. In order to distinguish what is true and false we use the Qur’an and authentic Prophetic traditions as our criterion.

Given that, it becomes quite clear from the start that the Muslims couldn’t have viewed the gospels of Mark, Mathew, Luke and John to have been inspired. So, It must be understood that when the Qur’ân testifies the Tawrât(torah) or the Injîl(gospel) were guidance for mankind it is not referring to the present versions.Christians often cite 5:46 and 3:3 but failed to understand what these two verse is saying. Popularly understood four Gospels in the New Testament are not the same Injîl revealed by Allâh to ‘Isâ(jesus). The current Gospels contain remnants of original Injîl, but for all practical purpose, the original Injîl has long been lost.What we have now in Bible is remanants of original Injeel. And Nowhere does the Qur’an refer to the Injeel revealed to Jesus (peace be upon him) as some sort of documented book. Rather, they were the teachings (revealed of course) of Jesus (peace be upon him) of which some of them could have found their way to the four gospels and possibly even other documents unknown to us today.

Now,a question arises here is that How does one know how to distinguish between the false and true statements in the four gospels of today? Well as Muslims we say, it’s through the Qur’an as a medium, since it came to confirm what was true and is a quality controller over the previous scriptures.As we read in Qur’an:

And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it. So judge between them by what Allah has revealed and do not follow their inclinations away from what has come to you of the truth. To each of you We prescribed a law and a method. Had Allah willed, He would have made you one nation [united in religion], but [He intended] to test you in what He has given you; so race to [all that is] good. To Allah is your return all together, and He will [then] inform you concerning that over which you used to differ.[Quran 5:48]

He has sent down upon you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming what was before it. And He revealed the Torah and the Gospel. Before, as guidance for the people. And He revealed the Qur’an. Indeed, those who disbelieve in the verses of Allah will have a severe punishment, and Allah is exalted in Might, the Owner of Retribution.[Quran 3:3-4]

Those who follow the Messenger, the unlettered prophet, whom they find written in what they have of the Torah and the Gospel, who enjoins upon them what is right and forbids them what is wrong and makes lawful for them the good things and prohibits for them the evil and relieves them of their burden and the shackles which were upon them. So they who have believed in him, honored him, supported him and followed the light which was sent down with him – it is those who will be the successful.[Quran 7:157]

And that which We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], of the Book is the truth, confirming what was before it. Indeed, Allah , of His servants, is Acquainted and Seeing.[Quran 35:31]

The Noble Qur’an came to CONFIRM Truth that exists in the Manuscripts in the different canons and to filter out Truth from falsehood in them. Anything that agrees 100% with Islam is valid, and anything else that has even the slightest disagreement with Islam is discarded. That is why we Muslims believe in only the parts of the Bible that agree with the Noble Quran.The parts that contradict the Noble Quran are not the Truth.

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9 thoughts on “What is Injeel?

  1. Pingback: Who-When-Where-How-What-Why-multi-problem solved – Izhaar Ul Haqq

  2. brother
    what is your thought on that ayah which says “if you are in doubt concerning….”

    i assume with limited knowledge that the quran is really addressing the doubters among the people of the book. since that ayah was going to be read to them, then it is indirectly addressing them. even the doubters among them cannot deny the fact that rejectors of a messenger of God face severe consequences and those who accept are blessed .

    Liked by 1 person

    1. Ibn Adam

      I think you are talking about Quran 10:94.

      Well, start reading in context, i.e., from Quran 10:90-94. In these verses Allah is narrating a historical event relating to Children of Israel. Now the phrase “If you are in doubt” doesn’t means doubting the entire revelation or part of it, but that particular historical event only which has been mentioned from verse 90 onwards.

      Again Quran 10:94 can either be addressed to Prophet Muhammad ﷺ or to us human beings at large who will be reading the verse. In both cases the verse exhorts us not to be amongst the doubters because the revelation is truth.

      Given the proper context, one clearly sees that ALLAH is narrating an event that took place involving the Children of Israel, who are termed the People of the Book in the Qur’an, along with the Christians, in order to bring about a historical lesson. ALLAH is making this event known to the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ and those around him, and in that context, using an expression of emphasis, ALLAH exhorts the Prophet ﷺ, and any after him by extension, to ask those who are familiar with this event from their scriptures if doubts occur.Right afterwards, ALLAH exhorts the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ to ask those who are familiar with the narrations of the earlier events. But Allah concludes by saying that certainly the Truth has come to you from your Lord, so never doubt!It was mentioned as an appeal to a historical narration and nothing else. Bible or church father has no authority over our Quran and Islam.

      I hope that suffices.

      For further query contact a good Islamic scholar or Muslim apologists

      Like

  3. quote :

    I’ve always wondered if there is a reason — other than this being the standard Islamic interpretation — that the scholarship understands the Qur’anic second person singular “you” (qul etc.) as addressing the Prophet? In many instances, it would make sense to understand it as addressing the audience hearing the revelation. The second person *singular* would, in this interpretation, work as a rhetorical device through which the members of the audience would have felt the revelation as addressing him (or her) personally.

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    1. Shameem

      The purpose of this article is to refute the notion that INJEEL = NT ,and not to draw similarities between the passages of Quran and Four Gospels of NT.

      Like

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